India is the world’s largest producer of Tamarind, with a production of over 2 lakh tonnes[i].Tamarind is cultivated in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Telangana, Pondicherry and Mizoram (See Figure 1)
How big is the market for Tamarind?
Majority of Tamarind production in India (1.5 lakh tonnes) is consumed in domestic market as dried Tamarind, Tamarind paste and pulp. Not just the fruit, even, Tamarind seed powder is extensively used in industries such as Textile, Paper, Confectionary, Cosmetics and Pharmaceuticals.
In domestic market, Tamarind is mostly sold loose/ as a commodity, whereby shopkeeper weighs the required quantity and gives it to the customer. The value added products such as Tamarind pulp and Tamarind powder are also sold in small quantities.
Tamarind prices in domestic market vary, depending on the crops output. The chart provided below depicts the average price of seedless Tamarind in the mandis across the country. Prices are lowest in the season (Feb to May) and then increase towards the second half of the year due to lower availability.
Source: : Spice board
Around 50,000 tonnes of Tamarind is exported in various forms including fresh fruit, deseeded dry tamarind and Tamarind powder. Product wise exports break up for Tamarind based products is provided in figure 2.
Source: Director General Of foreign Trade
The majority of Indian Tamarind and related products are typically exported to Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Egypt.Many Indian manufacturers also do contract manufacring for Middle East based Tamarind brands such as SARAS Tamarind, AAHAA Tamarind, and HARITHAM Tamarind.
What is the investment required to set up a Tamarind processing unit?
Tamarind is a seasonal crop, harvested in January and February and has to be stored in ambient conditions to maintain its color. Therefore, Tamarind based businesses requires ample storage space and cold storage facilities. The budget requirements for various Tamarind based products is available in Table 1.
|Table 1: Budget for Tamarind processing plant|
|Product||Usage / Market||Machinery||Total budget|
|Seedless Tamarind||Mostly used in food preparations||Dehulling, seed removing machines, pressing and packaging machines||The budget including machinery for a capacity of 2 tonnes per day, working capital and civil constructionwould be over Rs. 1 crore.|
|Tamarind Pulp||Mostly used in food preparations and beverages||Tamarind pulping machine, heating and packaging machines||The overall budget including the working capital would be around Rs. 50 lakhs.|
|Tamarind Seed Powder||Used for its sizing properties in different industries such as Textile, Paper, Cosmetics, Pharmaceuticals etc.||Three types of machines: Tamarind roasting and skin removing machine, grinding machine and machines to process Tamarind powder into starch.||For an integrated plant (with all three machines), the budget would exceed Rs. 1 crore.|
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We can help you start “Tamarind Processing industry” through a number services including business viability assessment, market landscaping, technical consultation andexecution support
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 Source: NHB, production figures are for 2014 -15.