E-waste typically includes discarded computers and components, cathode ray tubes (CRTs), printed circuit boards (PCB), mobile phones, headphones, wires & cables, and white household goods such as liquid crystal display (LCD), plasma TVs, ACs, refrigerators etc.
As per Industry body ASSOCHAM, India’s e-waste generation is likely to increase by nearly three times, from the existing 18 lakh MT per annum to 52 lakh MT per annum by 2020 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 30%.
Despite increasing number of registered recyclers/dismantlers in the country and large volume of E-waste generated, only about 5% of it is processed through formal sector. The remaining is either donated or goes to Kabadiwalas.
For example, although Hyderabad generates about 32 000 metric tonnes of E-waste annually and total annual capacity of Hyderabad’s major recyclers is approximately 20,000 MT per annum (As per list of TSPCB-registered Dismantlers,) the formal sector recyclers do not get adequate waste.
The biggest e-waste recycling market in India is Delhi and approximately 30% to 40% of the e-waste in India lands there.
The figure below depicts the step-by-step process for recycling e-waste.
The total number of registered E-waste recyclers in India is 159, whereas Hyderabad has 4.
Capital Expenditure (CAPEX) for Various Options
E waste recycling chain begins with a collection centre, which can be set up for Rs. 10 lakhs. However, standalone collection centres are not encouraged to register, unless they are being set up by a recycler/refurbished or an electronic product manufacturer. A collection centre combined with a dismantling unit can be set up for around Rs. 40 lakhs. In India, recycling is restricted to separation of Metal and Non-metal and granulation, as the technology for extraction of precious metal is not economical.
The industry is governed by e waste rules which specify the approvals and infrastructure requirements. The approvals need to be obtained from State pollution control body.
The e waste sector has grown at a slow pace over the last five years, largely due to lack of awareness about e waste rules, absence of strict guidelines for disposal of e waste and challenges from the informal sector recyclers who are able to offer a better price for the waste. However, the regulations around e waste are expected to tighten and would bring unorganised sector into mainstream.
Opportunities for a New Enterprise
While opportunities for e waste recycling are only expected to increase in future, profitability would depend on the value addition done by the enterprise. Therefore, aspiring e waste companies would also need to build skill sets in e waste segregation and in identifying reusable waste. We believe that
- Collection centre as such will remain an un profitable proposition, as just collecting the waste does not provide enough value addition/margins
- Dismantling can be a profitable option if you are able to establish a network of waste collection centres (perhaps from the unorganised sector) and develop skill sets to identify reusable waste
- Setting up a refurbishing centre, where salvaged computers/phones can be repaired using new or old components should also be attractive.
- Recyclers would need a large network of collection centres or need to import waste to ensure capacity utilisation.
How we can help you?
We can help you set up E waste recycling unit through a number of services including
- Market viability assessment
- Technical consultation and
- Project execution support.
Call us: 800 888 4932 /9032398367
Visit us: www.finetrain.com
Source: The Hindu – article dated at June, 2016
 Source: ASSOCHAM-Frost & Sullivan study, April, 2016
Source: List of Registered E-Waste Dismantlers/Recyclers in the country (as on 29-12-2016)