Amla or Aonla commonly known as Indian gooseberry, is known for its medicinal properties. It is used across a number of industries including Aurvedic medicines, Cosmetics and Food products.
The production of Amla was 9.89 lakh tonnes in FY 17, with majority of it coming from Uttar Pradesh (UP) and Madhya Pradesh (M.P).
Figure 1: Amla production and top producing states
What are the key Amla based products and its manufacturing process?
Amla Candy: Amla candies are made by cutting the fruit and coating it with sugar syrup at different brix values. The fruit pieces are then dried to bring down the moisture content and coated with sugar powder, to prevent them from sticking to each other.
Amla Supari: The process is similar to that of the candy. Natural colouring agents, flavours such as mint & dry fruits are added for taste and appearance.
Amla Juice: Washed Amla fruits are transferred to shredder, Amla juice thus extracted, sterilized and packed in bottles.
Amla Powder: Amla powder is used in herbal & cosmetic industry. The fruit as a whole is dried, pulverised and packaged as per the requirements.
What is the machinery and capital required for Amla processing?
Amla processing doesn’t require large investment in machinery and infrastructure. The machinery and capital requirements are presented in Table.1
|Table 1: Budget for Amla processing plant|
|Amla Candy||Retail||Amla breaking machine, steam jacketed kettle, tray dryer and packaging machine.||The budget including machinery for a capacity of 1 tonne per day and working capital would be ₹40 lakhs|
|Amla Juice||Retail & Commercial||Amla shredding machine, hydraulic press, storage tank with steam jacket and packaging machine.||The budget including machinery for a capacity of 2 tonne per day and working capital would be ₹20 lakhs.|
|Amla Powder||Retail & Commercial||Dryer, pulveriser and packaging machinery||Amla powder making plant can be established within ₹ 10 lakhs|
Why Amla Processing is an attractive opportunity?
Growing popularity of alternate medicines, health foods and herbal products are driving the demand for Amla based products. The potential for Amla extract as a food ingredient is increasing significantly, owing to the growing global nutraceuticals and functional food market.
As per a report by consumer data analytics firm Nielsen India, sales of personal care products made of natural, herbal and Ayurveda ingredients are growing 1.7 times as fast as the overall market. Given the shift towards natural products, large consumer goods companies such as Colgate, Hindustan Lever are also introducing natural variants of their products. Since Amla is a rich source of vitamin C, a very powerful antioxidant and anti-ageing vitamin, usage of Amla in cosmetics and food products will continue to grow, thus making Amla processing an attractive opportunity.
What are the challenges?
Amla is a highly perishable fruit with a short shelf life of 5-6 days. Hence, the plant runs only during the harvesting period i.e. from October to February. The plant can be used to process other products such as Fruit based bars (Guava, Mango, Pineapple, etc). One may need to invest in addional machinery such as peeler/ pulper/mixer depending on the fruit.
Other challenges for the new entrants is to create a market for their brand, which will have to compete with the well established players. Based on the product portfolio, retail network has to be established.
How can we help?
We can help you start an “Amla Processing Unit” through a number of services including viability assessment, market landscaping, technical consultation and project execution support.
 Horticultural Statistics at a Glance 2017 – National Horticulture Board