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Business Opportunity: PET Sheets

PET sheets provide a convenient way of packaging product across a number of industries – consumer products, pharmaceuticals, food & beverages, etc. PET sheets are increasingly getting popular as a preferred option for packaging of food and pharma products, due to their visual appeal, their ability to keep the product safe from moisture and easy thermoform-ability.

The table below depicts various types and forms of packaging made out of PET sheets:

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Types of PET Sheets

Various PET sheets, based on their properties, are used in different applications. For example, CPET which has a very high working heat resistance (can withstand a temperature of up to 220 degree Celsius for more than 25 minutes) is used for microwaveable containers. The table below depicts the application of various types of PET Sheets.

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Market

PET sheet market is currently small, comprising just 1.5% of PET resin consumption in India. However, this market is rapidly growing and the resin consumed by PET sheet industry has nearly doubled from 6,400 tonnes/year in FY-14 to 11,150 tonnes/ year[1] in the FY 17.

Presently most of the PET sheet is manufactured by companies that make different kinds of packaging material. Two of the Hyderabad based players include Nirmala Pet A Pack Pvt Ltd and Spear Pet Pvt Ltd.

Process &Technology

Process
The process of PET sheet making broadly involves: Raw material pre-treatment, Extrusion and Drying & Winding/ Cutting the finished sheet

Fig1: Process flow

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Sometimes, the final product requires one more layer of PET or coatings, in such cases a co extruder will be required.

Single Versus Double Screw Extrusion

Screw is the most important part of any extruder. The screw is divided into three equal zones; feeding, transition, and metering. The primary functions of the three zones are:

  • Feed – taking in the resins and feeding it forward in the screw
  • Transition – compressing and melting the resin
  • Metering/ Pumping- homogenizing/ blending the melted resins and pumping out through the extruder at a constant rate.

There are mainly two types of extruders; Single screw and Twin screw.The single screw extruders typically cost less than twin screw, however they offer less operational flexibility.

Budget

The overall budget for starting a PET sheet extrusion unit with a minimum viable capacity i.e. 300 KG/hr would be Rs. 5 Crores. The machinery cost of twin screw and single screw alone would approximately be Rs. 3 Crores and Rs. 2 Crores respectively[2].

How Can We Help You?

If you are interested in setting up a PET sheet manufacturing unit, we can assist you in starting a processing unit. Our services include

  1. Market & Financial viability assessment
  2. Technical consultancy
  3. Detailed project report preparation
  4. Support in project execution

Reach Us

Call us @ 800 888 4932,

Write to us- bchhatre@finetrain.com

Visit us- www.finetrain.com

 

[1]Source: PRESENTATION OF RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LTD. – March1,2016

 

[2] Source: Based on discussion with extrusion machinery suppliers

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Business Opportunity: Organic Fertilizers

Organic fertilizer is a mixture of decayed organic matter. It is usually made by gathering plant material such as leaves, grass clippings, and vegetable peels and animal waste into a pile or bin and letting it decompose with the help of earthworms, fungi or bacteria. Organic compost contains essential macro and micro nutrients for plants, often absent in synthetic fertilizers. Compost releases nutrients slowly over the cultivation period, which helps plants soak those nutrients better and make a healthy food in our plates.

The demand for organic fertilizers is rising in India as well as internationally due to increasing awareness of organic farming and sustainable agricultural practices. The market size for organic fertilizers in India stands at 2547 lakh metric tonnes as of FY 2015-16.[1]

The major consumers of organic fertilizers are horticulture farmers, farmers of export oriented crops, farmers of crops such as ginger and turmeric and urban households that use compost for their home gardens.

What are different types of organic Fertilizers?

As per the Fertiliser Control order, 1985, the organic fertilisers can be divided into three categories:

Vermin compost: Most popular form of organic fertiliser, made by decomposing the organic material with the help of Vermi, FCO has specified guideline in terms of nutrient percentage, moisture levels etc

City compost: The compost made from city waste, including household waste, municipal waste etc.

Organic manure: Compost made from animal and plant waste (including the vermi and city compost). Manure typically has higher organic content vis a vis other organic fertilisers.

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What is the market?

The market has two segments:

Horticulture farmers: Farmers growing fruits and vegetable crops use compost to reduce chemicals residue from their crops. Further, these crops are relatively more profitable vis a vis traditional field crops such as paddy, cotton and hence can afford to purchase organic compost. This segment is dominated by large fertiliser companies who have the dealer network and sales force required to reach the farmers. Below are the large players in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

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Nurseries: This segment has a lot of small and medium enterprises. Here the product packaging is important. Some of the players in this segment also sell only through online network.

How to get started with manufacturing of organic compost?

One needs to have a detailed understanding of the processes involved in manufacturing, marketing and selling the compost.

It’s not a very capital intensive business and hence capital requirements are not very large. One does not need many plants and equipment’s except for pits /wilgrows to dump the waste, shredder and a palletising machine. The main cost of establishing will be land and labour. A unit of capacity to process 20-30 tonnes of waste per day can be set up within a budget of INR 50 Lakhs.

The compost is also made as a by-product of a biogas plant. The biogas plant converts the organic waste into bio gas through anaerobic digestion and produces a slurry, which can be dried and used as compost.

Government incentives

There are a number of incentives available to manufacturers and farmers. It can broadly be categorized as incentives for farmers and incentives for entrepreneurs as given below.

Farmers are offered organic fertilizers at a subsidized cost

Entrepreneurs are offered incentives to set up compost manufacturing facility. For example, under National Program for organic farming, manufacturers of compost from vegetable waste are offered a subsidy of 33% of the cost of project.

Challenges
  • The market is still in its formative stage and awareness of the benefits of organic compost has just begun to spread across farmers and farmer groups.
  • Reliable Data on organic input market is not present.
  • Organic system of farming is far more expensive than doing farming using chemical fertilisers
  • The economics depend on the waste procurement cost, so those have to be tightly controlled

How can we help?

We can help you set up a compost manufacturing unit through a number of services including

  • Market viability assessment
  • Technical consultation and
  • Project execution support.

[1] Source: National Centre for Organic Farming

Reach us

Call us @ 800 888 4932,

Write to us- bchhatre@finetrain.com

Visit us- www.finetrain.com

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E-recycling-issues-and-solutions

E-WASTE RE-CYCLING – BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES

E-waste typically includes discarded computers and components, cathode ray tubes (CRTs), printed circuit boards (PCB), mobile phones, headphones, wires & cables, and white household goods such as liquid crystal display (LCD), plasma TVs, ACs, refrigerators etc.

As per Industry body ASSOCHAM, India’s e-waste generation is likely to increase by nearly three times, from the existing 18 lakh MT per annum to 52 lakh MT per annum by 2020 at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 30%[1].

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Despite increasing number of registered recyclers/dismantlers in the country and large volume of E-waste generated, only about 5% of it is processed through formal sector. The remaining is either donated or goes to Kabadiwalas.

For example, although Hyderabad generates about 32 000 metric tonnes of E-waste annually[2] and total annual capacity of Hyderabad’s major recyclers is approximately 20,000 MT per annum (As per list of TSPCB-registered Dismantlers,) the formal sector recyclers do not get adequate waste.

The biggest e-waste recycling market in India is Delhi and approximately 30% to 40% of the e-waste in India lands there.

Process

The figure below depicts the step-by-step process for recycling e-waste.

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Current Players

The total number of registered E-waste recyclers in India is 159, whereas Hyderabad has 4[3].

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Capital Expenditure (CAPEX) for Various Options

E waste recycling chain begins with a collection centre, which can be set up for Rs. 10 lakhs. However, standalone collection centres are not encouraged to register, unless they are being set up by a recycler/refurbished or an electronic product manufacturer.  A collection centre combined with a dismantling unit can be set up for around Rs. 40 lakhs.  In India, recycling is restricted to separation of Metal and Non-metal and granulation, as the technology for extraction of precious metal is not economical.

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Regulatory Requirements

The industry is governed by e waste rules which specify the approvals and infrastructure requirements. The approvals need to be obtained from State pollution control body.

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The e waste sector has grown at a slow pace over the last five years, largely due to lack of awareness about e waste rules,  absence of strict guidelines for disposal of e waste and challenges from the informal sector recyclers who are able to offer a better price for the waste. However, the regulations around e waste are expected to tighten and would bring unorganised sector into mainstream.

Opportunities for a New Enterprise

While opportunities for e waste recycling are only expected to increase in future, profitability would depend on the value addition done by the enterprise.  Therefore, aspiring e waste companies would also need to build skill sets in e waste segregation and in identifying reusable waste. We believe that

  1. Collection centre as such will remain an un profitable proposition, as just collecting the waste does not provide enough value addition/margins
  2. Dismantling can be a profitable option if you are able to establish a network of waste collection centres (perhaps from the unorganised sector) and develop skill sets to identify reusable waste
  3. Setting up a refurbishing centre, where salvaged computers/phones can be repaired using new or old components should also be attractive.
  4. Recyclers would need a large network of collection centres or need to import waste to ensure capacity utilisation.

How we can help you?

We can help you set up E waste recycling unit through a number of services including

  • Market viability assessment
  • Technical consultation and
  • Project execution support.

Reach Us

Write to us: bchhatre@finetrain.comadmin@finetrain.com

Call us: 800 888 4932 /9032398367

Visit us: www.finetrain.com

 

[1]Source: The Hindu – article dated at June, 2016

[2] Source: ASSOCHAM-Frost & Sullivan study, April, 2016

[3]Source: List of Registered E-Waste Dismantlers/Recyclers in the country (as on 29-12-2016)

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54385874

Business opportunity: Medical Devices sector

Medical devices refer to devices and consumables used by the doctors and hospitals in patient care. It is a multi-product industry comprising consumables, surgical instruments, implants and diagnostic reagents. The industry size is estimated to be INR. 30,000 crores, with imports accounting for 70 per cent of the industry turnover. The industry is growing in double digits.

The sector offers huge opportunity for entrepreneurs to offer cost competitive products that can reduce our dependence on imports and make healthcare more affordable and accessible to all.

What are the key segments?

The market can be divided into four categories, as shown below

Picture 1: Indian Medical device Industry

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Source: Recommendation of task force on Medical Device sector in India-2015

Who are the large manufacturers?

The Indian market is dominated by international players such as Abbott Vascular, GE health care, Phillips health Care, Medtronic, Johnson and Johnson, Siemens, Baxter, Stryker, Zimmer holdings and many more.

Among the Indian manufacturers, there are around 800 companies, majority of them are present in price competitive consumable segment.  Some of the interesting Indian players who have been able to offer technology based differentiated products are as under. (See table 1)

Table 1: Medical devices manufacturers-interesting companies

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Where is the opportunity?

The equipment and surgical segment and implants offer attractive opportunity for manufacturing indigenous products that can reduce our import dependence. These segments have been described in the table below.

Table 2: Attractive segments- Medical device industry

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The opportunity can be broadly be divided into two categories:

  1. Manufacturing Products similar to already existing imported products: For example: surgical sutures, dialysis machines, ECG machines, patient monitoring systems etc. Indian companies can offer more cost effective diagnostic equipment or an implant
  1. Opportunities to create new products that are not available in the market before For example- Cost effective diagnostic solutions for poor and rural population. Some of the companies that work in this area include Forus health care (Eye screening devices) and Biosense Technologies (cost effective solutions for checking blood sugar, anaemia etc).

What are the challenges?

As per Dr. Ashutosh Mundkur, a senior medical device industry professional and start up mentor, a medical device start-up faces following challenges:

Inadequate market research: The market assessment about the need for the device and its ability to either cut the healthcare cost or improve user experience has to be clearly established. Many companies discover their inability to sell the product after they have launched the product in the market

Lack of adequate attention to quality and safety aspects of the device: Many a time’s start-ups are too focussed on reducing the cost of the device to make it competitive Vis a Vis imported products and do not pay enough attention to the quality aspects.

Regulatory hurdles: There is lack of clarity on license required for manufacturing medical devices. As per the current regulations, the CDSCO license (Central Drug Standards Control Organisation) is needed for 14 notified devices[1].  For the remaining, it is left to the state Drug controller office/CDSCO to decide whether a license is needed. However regulatory hurdles are expected to clear after passage of new medical device regulation, which is currently under review and awaits parliamentary approval

Funding: Investor interest in early stage medical device start-ups remains low, due to uncertainty about the device’s potential to make it big and long development time. Some of the funds[2] that have invested in health care start-ups include Avishkar, Acumen, Centre for innovation and entrepreneurship (CIE, IIMA), Unitus, Venture East and Viligro

Conclusion 

With the rising disposable incomes and increasing longevity, the demand for better health care is only going to rise. Medical devices are instrumental in making health care more affordable and accessible.  The ecosystem for the medical device companies is expected to improve with government’s effort to promote manufacturing in India.  As such, growing demand and improving regulatory outlook, make medical device manufacturing a very attractive segment.

How can we help you?

We can help you start a medical device manufacturing business through a number of services including business viability assessment, market landscaping and expert consultation.

Reach us:

bchhatre@finetrain.com

Phone:800 888 4932

[1] As per drugs and cosmetic act fourteen devices are notified as drugs. In addition, eight products including Blood Grouping Sera, Ligatures, Sutures and Staplers, Intra Uterine Devices (Cu-T), Condoms, tubal Rings, Surgical Dressings, Umbilicalfapcs, Blood Component Bags also require drug license.

[2] Source: https://yourstory.com/2013/09/ventures-investing-in-indian-healthcare-sector/

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