feature_food_packaging_main

HOW TO SELECT RIGHT PACKAGING FOR YOUR READY TO EAT PRODUCTS

For ready to eat products, packaging plays a vital role in preserving the quality of food, extending its shelf life and making it look attractive. With the upsurge in demand for ready to eat foods, the packaging technology is continuously evolving to facilitate customer convenience, minimize processing and keeping the product as natural as possible. This blog discusses different packaging technologies and their suitability to your product as well as budget.

Packaging Technology:

The choice of packaging technology depends on the nature of food (Acidity level, moisture content), expected shelf life (few weeks, months, years) and the conditions in which it would be stored (Room temperature, frozen).  As such the packaging technology for ready to eat foods can broadly be divided into three categories.

Thermal Heating: Food is packed in pouches/containers and heated to high temperature. The thermal heating can be done through different technologies including Retort, MATS and Hot fill & pasteurization.

MAP (Modified Atmosphere Packaging):  Filled and packaged product is exposed to UV and then MAP sealed. MAP sealing refers to removing the air from the pack and replacing it with a combination of nitrogen and carbon dioxide that can extend the shelf life of the food.

ASEPTIC: The product and package/container are sterilized separately first and then product is packed and sealed in sterile conditions.

More details on the packaging technology are available in picture 1.

Picture: 1 
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Source: Printpack Packaging Supplies (India) Pvt Ltd.

Costs

The cost of packaging   has two elements; fixed cost of the equipment and cost of the packaging material (cups/pouches). The fixed cost varies significantly across technologies as can be seen below.

Pic 2: Cost of packaging Technology

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The cost of packaging material depends on the shape and weight of the packaging container. As such the cost of packaging material does not depend on the technology that is being used for packaging.

How can we help?

Are you looking to set up a ready to eat/convenience food unit, we can

  1. Help you understand the market, technology, capital and operating costs
  2. Prepare the project proposal and assist you in obtaining bank funding
  3. Technical consultation to assist you identify right machinery, packaging material providers

Reach Us

Call us @ 800 888 4932,

Write to us- bchhatre@finetrain.com

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Business Opportunity: PET Sheets

PET sheets provide a convenient way of packaging product across a number of industries – consumer products, pharmaceuticals, food & beverages, etc. PET sheets are increasingly getting popular as a preferred option for packaging of food and pharma products, due to their visual appeal, their ability to keep the product safe from moisture and easy thermoform-ability.

The table below depicts various types and forms of packaging made out of PET sheets:

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Types of PET Sheets

Various PET sheets, based on their properties, are used in different applications. For example, CPET which has a very high working heat resistance (can withstand a temperature of up to 220 degree Celsius for more than 25 minutes) is used for microwaveable containers. The table below depicts the application of various types of PET Sheets.

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Market

PET sheet market is currently small, comprising just 1.5% of PET resin consumption in India. However, this market is rapidly growing and the resin consumed by PET sheet industry has nearly doubled from 6,400 tonnes/year in FY-14 to 11,150 tonnes/ year[1] in the FY 17.

Presently most of the PET sheet is manufactured by companies that make different kinds of packaging material. Two of the Hyderabad based players include Nirmala Pet A Pack Pvt Ltd and Spear Pet Pvt Ltd.

Process &Technology

Process
The process of PET sheet making broadly involves: Raw material pre-treatment, Extrusion and Drying & Winding/ Cutting the finished sheet

Fig1: Process flow

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Sometimes, the final product requires one more layer of PET or coatings, in such cases a co extruder will be required.

Single Versus Double Screw Extrusion

Screw is the most important part of any extruder. The screw is divided into three equal zones; feeding, transition, and metering. The primary functions of the three zones are:

  • Feed – taking in the resins and feeding it forward in the screw
  • Transition – compressing and melting the resin
  • Metering/ Pumping- homogenizing/ blending the melted resins and pumping out through the extruder at a constant rate.

There are mainly two types of extruders; Single screw and Twin screw.The single screw extruders typically cost less than twin screw, however they offer less operational flexibility.

Budget

The overall budget for starting a PET sheet extrusion unit with a minimum viable capacity i.e. 300 KG/hr would be Rs. 5 Crores. The machinery cost of twin screw and single screw alone would approximately be Rs. 3 Crores and Rs. 2 Crores respectively[2].

How Can We Help You?

If you are interested in setting up a PET sheet manufacturing unit, we can assist you in starting a processing unit. Our services include

  1. Market & Financial viability assessment
  2. Technical consultancy
  3. Detailed project report preparation
  4. Support in project execution

Reach Us

Call us @ 800 888 4932,

Write to us- bchhatre@finetrain.com

Visit us- www.finetrain.com

 

[1]Source: PRESENTATION OF RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LTD. – March1,2016

 

[2] Source: Based on discussion with extrusion machinery suppliers

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ginger-powder

Business Opportunity in Ginger Processing

Ginger, one of the most important spice crops in India, is known for its aromatic and medicinal properties. Ginger is used as a flavouring agent in many food items.  Ginger powder and oil are extensively used in herbal medicines.

India is the largest ginger producer in the world, accounting for nearly 40 per cent of world’s production. In India, Assam is the largest cultivator, followed by Gujarat and Karnataka.  In Telangana, ginger grows in Medak district. India produces 3.85 Lakh tonnes[1] of ginger per annum and most of which is domestically consumed.

Pic 1: State wise breakup for ginger production in India 
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NOTE: Other states include Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Orissa, Mizoram, West Bengal, Uttaranchal, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

Ginger Processing Technology

Ginger can be processed into three products; ginger powder, paste and ginger oil. The ginger oil manufacturing is typically not taken up by small businesses as it requires large capital investment towards oil distillation and oleoresin extraction plant. The ginger processing machinery is explained below.

Pic 2: Ginger processing Machinery 

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Key Players in Telangana

Ginger paste and powder: There are a number of manufacturers including national players such as Priya, Aachi, Mother’s, Smith & Jones, Hommade, and Eastern as well as local manufacturers. Some of the local brands include Capital, Red Boss, Mega Rose, Mayuri, MSR, Surya etc. These products are available in packing sizes of 50 grams to 1 kg.

Ginger oil: There are not many local players. Ginger oil manufacturers are largely based in Kerala. 

Budget

The capital requirements for ginger processing plants is discussed below.

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How Can We Help

We can help you start a “Ginger Processing Unit” through a number services including business viability assessment, market landscaping, technical consultation and project execution support.

Reach Us

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Write to us- bchhatre@finetrain.com

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[1] http://agriexchange.apeda.gov.in/Market%20Profile/one/GINGER.aspx

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Business Opportunity: Organic Fertilizers

Organic fertilizer is a mixture of decayed organic matter. It is usually made by gathering plant material such as leaves, grass clippings, and vegetable peels and animal waste into a pile or bin and letting it decompose with the help of earthworms, fungi or bacteria. Organic compost contains essential macro and micro nutrients for plants, often absent in synthetic fertilizers. Compost releases nutrients slowly over the cultivation period, which helps plants soak those nutrients better and make a healthy food in our plates.

The demand for organic fertilizers is rising in India as well as internationally due to increasing awareness of organic farming and sustainable agricultural practices. The market size for organic fertilizers in India stands at 2547 lakh metric tonnes as of FY 2015-16.[1]

The major consumers of organic fertilizers are horticulture farmers, farmers of export oriented crops, farmers of crops such as ginger and turmeric and urban households that use compost for their home gardens.

What are different types of organic Fertilizers?

As per the Fertiliser Control order, 1985, the organic fertilisers can be divided into three categories:

Vermin compost: Most popular form of organic fertiliser, made by decomposing the organic material with the help of Vermi, FCO has specified guideline in terms of nutrient percentage, moisture levels etc

City compost: The compost made from city waste, including household waste, municipal waste etc.

Organic manure: Compost made from animal and plant waste (including the vermi and city compost). Manure typically has higher organic content vis a vis other organic fertilisers.

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What is the market?

The market has two segments:

Horticulture farmers: Farmers growing fruits and vegetable crops use compost to reduce chemicals residue from their crops. Further, these crops are relatively more profitable vis a vis traditional field crops such as paddy, cotton and hence can afford to purchase organic compost. This segment is dominated by large fertiliser companies who have the dealer network and sales force required to reach the farmers. Below are the large players in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

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Nurseries: This segment has a lot of small and medium enterprises. Here the product packaging is important. Some of the players in this segment also sell only through online network.

How to get started with manufacturing of organic compost?

One needs to have a detailed understanding of the processes involved in manufacturing, marketing and selling the compost.

It’s not a very capital intensive business and hence capital requirements are not very large. One does not need many plants and equipment’s except for pits /wilgrows to dump the waste, shredder and a palletising machine. The main cost of establishing will be land and labour. A unit of capacity to process 20-30 tonnes of waste per day can be set up within a budget of INR 50 Lakhs.

The compost is also made as a by-product of a biogas plant. The biogas plant converts the organic waste into bio gas through anaerobic digestion and produces a slurry, which can be dried and used as compost.

Government incentives

There are a number of incentives available to manufacturers and farmers. It can broadly be categorized as incentives for farmers and incentives for entrepreneurs as given below.

Farmers are offered organic fertilizers at a subsidized cost

Entrepreneurs are offered incentives to set up compost manufacturing facility. For example, under National Program for organic farming, manufacturers of compost from vegetable waste are offered a subsidy of 33% of the cost of project.

Challenges
  • The market is still in its formative stage and awareness of the benefits of organic compost has just begun to spread across farmers and farmer groups.
  • Reliable Data on organic input market is not present.
  • Organic system of farming is far more expensive than doing farming using chemical fertilisers
  • The economics depend on the waste procurement cost, so those have to be tightly controlled

How can we help?

We can help you set up a compost manufacturing unit through a number of services including

  • Market viability assessment
  • Technical consultation and
  • Project execution support.

[1] Source: National Centre for Organic Farming

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Manufacturing Fruit Bars: Solar Dehydration Technology

Fruit bars are healthy, nutritious and minimally processed,  thus make a great snack. Fruits such as Mangoes and Guavas are very widely cultivated in India. Given their pulpy constitution, these fruits are well suited to be processed into a bar.

Rising demand for healthy snacks, ample availability of fruits and relatively modest capital requirements make fruit bar manufacturing an attractive opportunity for small businesses.

Solar Dehydration Technology

Traditionally fruit bars were made by sun drying the fruit, the process is prone to contamination, making the product unfit for consumption. The process of solar dehydration refers to dehydrating the pulp in solar dryer, which dries the fruit evenly and keeps it safe from contamination. This technology is provided by SEED (Society for Energy and Environment Development), an NGO based in Hyderabad.

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Fruit Bar Manufacturing Process

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Budget

The minimum viable size of the project is 1 tonne per annum  and the cost of machinery (fruit pulper, boiler solar dryer and quality testing equipment) is around Rs. 10 lakhs. The total project including working capital and marketing budget can be set up within Rs. 15 lakhs. The land requirement would be around 800 sft, of which atleast 300 sft should be open space that gets direct sunlight.

How can we help you?

We can help you start a Fruit bar manufacturing unit through a number of services including business viability assessment, technical consultation and support in project execution.

 Reach us

Write to us: bchhatre@finetrain.com, admin@finetrain.com

Call us: 800 888 4932 /9032398367

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T- PRIDE: Promoting Entrepreneurship among Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes

The Telangana State Program for Rapid Incubation of Dalit Entrepreneurs (T-PRIDE) aims to develop entrepreneurship among Scheduled Caste and Scheduled Tribes. The scheme, which covers both manufacturing and service sector establishments offers a number of incentives to start a new enterprise or expand an existing business. This blog discusses key features of the scheme and its contribution to Dalit entrepreneurship.

Picture 1: Key incentives for Micro and Small enterprises under T- PRIDE

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What type of enterprises are eligible?

In order to claim incentives under T-PRIDE, an enterprise

  • Should be 100 percent owned by SC or ST entrepreneur or both together in case of a joint venture.
  • Should commence operation on or after 1st January 2015 and before 31st March 2019.
  • Can be manufacturing or a service sector unit. For manufacturing units, certain sectors are considered ineligible (list included). For service sector, the government has specified a list of industries that are eligible (list attached).
  • Can be set up anywhere in the state, manufacturing enterprises if set up under GHMC limit, should be set up in the existing industrial estates[1], service enterprises can be set up anywhere
  • Can be a new or an existing enterprises that is expanding or diversifying its business, as shown in the table below.
Picture 2:  Eligibility parameters for existing and new enterprises

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When are these incentives given?

Generally, these incentives are given as reimbursements within 6 months of starting commercial production.  However in some cases, investment subsidy can be claimed before start of commercial production, provided the bank loan has been sanctioned.

How do I arrange finance for my project?

The finance for these projects can be obtained under Stand up India scheme, a scheme that aims to increase capital availability to SC/ST enterprises. In order to read more about Stand up India, please click here.

How many units have benefited thus far?

Based on our analysis of proposals sanctioned by SLC (State level investment committee of Commissioner of Industries, Telangana) during last two years, around 1100 enterprises have obtained approvals for incentives under T-PRIDE.  As can be seen in the picture below, transport and construction sector together account for around 60 per cent of incentive claims. Others, include hospitality, hospitals, mining, and engineering. In terms of geography, Warrangal accounts for highest number of claims, followed by Nalgonda and Karimnagar.

As such, there is a need to promote formation of new enterprises in manufacturing, agri related sectors as these boost employment and lead to development of district economy.

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How can we help you?

FineTrain is an advisory firm for small businesses; we assist our clients in starting or expanding their businesses.  We offer

  1. Advisory to help you to choose suitable business opportunity and DPR preparation
  2. Technical consultation
  3. Project implementation support
Reach us:

Write to us: bchhatre@finetrain.comadmin@finetrain.com

Call us: 800 888 4932

[1] The manufacturing units established in Sanathnagar, Azamabad, Chandulal Baradari and Kattedan Industrial Estates of Hyderabad and Ranga Reddy Districts are not eligible for any incentives/concessions.

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Business Opportunity in Tamarind Processing in India

Tamarind is a popular spice and the products from Tamarind family are being used in Indian food since ages. Tamarind pulp is commonly used in all households, restaurants, roadside eateries etc in food preparations. Not just the fruit, even Tamarind seed powder is extensively used in industries such as Textile, Paper, Confectionary, Cosmetics and Pharmaceuticals.

Opportunity

India is the world’s largest producer of tamarind products, with a production of over 200 thousand tonnes[1]. Tamarind is cultivated in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Telangana, Pondicherry and Mizoram (see the picture below).

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The value of the production of tamarind in India is estimated to be around Rs.1608crs[2], exports account for over 11% of the total value. Processed tamarind is exported mainly to European and Arab countries.

Budget

The capital requirements for a tamarind pulp making unit should be around Rs 50 lakhs including machinery and working capital needs.  The budget for the seed powder unit would vary, depending upon the process. For a totally integrated unit that includes roasting and removing the skin, grinding the seed and processing the seed powder into starch, the budget would exceed Rs. 1 crore. However, the capital requirements would reduce if one purchases clean seed (pappu, where the skin has been removed).

The biggest challenge in this business is raw material availability, also the area required to set up a processing facility would be upwards of 10000 sft.

Budget Estimation for Tamarind Processing Units

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How can we help 

We can help you start “Tamarind Processing Industry” through number services as shown below:

  1. Business viability assessment, market landscaping and expert consultation.
  2. Viability of setting up a Tamarind processing unit.
  3. Identifying most cost effective local suppliers for tamarind manufacturing unit.
  4. Connect you with the experts who can help you in setting up the tamarind processing plant.
  5. Preparing the detailed project report.
Reach Us

Write to us: bchhatre@finetrain.com, admin@finetrain.com

Call us: 800 888 4932

[1] Source: NHB, production figures are for 2014 -15.

[2] Assumed average price of tamarind is Rs. 80/kg which is then converted into tonnage price and multiplied with the total production of 200 thousand tonnes.

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Business Opportunity: Animal Feed Manufacturing

India’s animal feed industry, currently valued at around $ 15 billion[1] is expected to double in the next five years.  The feed consumption is estimated to be 21.5 million tonnes, of which cattle feed accounts for 7.5 million tonnes, aqua feed 1 million tonne and poultry feed around 13 Million tonnes.

The state of Telangana and AP contribute to a large chunk of Indian feed consumption, as can be seen in the table below. Given the large size of the industry and its growth, it presents an attractive opportunity for small and medium enterprises.

Animal feed industry in AP and Telangana

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Competitive landscape of the Industry

The industry is competitive, with international, national and regional companies vying for the market share.  The table below provides information on important players in AP and Telangana.

Animal feed companies in AP and Telangana

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Manufacturing process and budget

The feed manufacturing operations comprise four steps; raw material preparation, mixing and grinding the feed, palletisation and packaging. The plant capacity typically starts from 2-3 tonnes per hour to 15 tonnes per hour.

Animal feed manufacturing process

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An automated plant with a capacity of 3- 5 tonnes per hour can cost up to Rs. 40 lakhs. Considering the machines and raw material inventory and infrastructure required to store the raw material, the budget requirement for the unit could be up to Rs. 1 crore.

How can we Help

  • We can help you assess viability of animal feed and related opportunities through a number of services including market research, detailed viability assessment and technical consultation.
  • We also offer support in executing your ideas by connecting you with sector experts and professionals.

Reach Us

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Write to us- bchhatre@finetrain.com

Visit us- www.finetrain.com

 

[1] As per Yes Bank report on The Indian Feed Industry – Revitalising Nutritional Security

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Flexible packaging: Opportunity for SMEs

The Indian flexible packaging market stands at $5 billion (Rs. 3.36 thousand Crores)[1] and is growing at little over 15 per cent per annum. Rapid development of personal care, pharmaceuticals, and food and beverages industries is contributing to this demand. Considering this growth opportunity, many international players are entering the Indian market through mergers and acquisitions route. In FY 2014, Finnish company Huhtamaki acquired India based Positive Packaging Ltd, in 2015 Australia based Amcor purchased  Packaging  India Private Limited (a subsidiary of Mumbai based Essel Propack Limited), and more recently in 2016,Essentra Plc, a UK based packaging  acquired pharmaceutical packaging business of India’s Kamsri Printing & Packaging Pvt. Ltd.

Flexible packaging is an interesting business opportunity for Small and medium enterprises (SME), as it allow them to do business with other SMEs.  Majority of flexible packaging demand is from food related industry, an industry largely made of small and medium enterprises. Since the clientele are small businesses requiring customized services, they often need a service provider that is also a small business and is willing to devote time and effort to meet their specific requirements.

Flexible packaging is far lighter and can therefore contain more material per pack, flexible packaging’s pack to product ratio is much lower (1:40 vis-à-vis 1:10 in case of PET packs)[2] as compared to that of rigid packaging. Flexible packaging also allowsmanufacturers to produce packs in functional and complex shapes facilitating user convenience such as squeeze ability and reclose ability. Advance technology in printing provides aesthetic features, thus making products attractive to the final consumers.

1. Market:

India’s annual manufacturing capacity is 30 Million Metric Tonnes[3].The overall flexible packaging end-user industry can be divided in Food and Non-food sector. The food sector comprises 48% of the packaging market at 14.4 MMT/annum; the rest goes to non-food such as Pharmaceuticals, Personal care, Tobacco and others.

1.1  Figure 1[4]:

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In the food sector, the highest share is with Milk and dairy segment. India is the largest producer of milk in the world, at an estimated 40 Crores liters per day and a market size of around Rs. 80,000 Crores[5]Given the large opportunity, many international players such as Nestle, Lactalis SA, Arla foods Savera, Danone, etc. have entered the Indian market. Since cold food supply chain is a challenge in India and dairy products are highly perishable, the demand for high quality packaging that extends the shelf life of the product is evident.

Other than dairy, food sector also comprises packaging needs of confectionery and chocolates, processed fruits and vegetables, etc.

The non-food sector is ruled by the Pharmaceuticals. Indian pharmaceutical industry (Valued at Rs. 9.07 thousand crores[6]) is growing at a CAGR 15%. India ranks third in terms volume and 14th in terms of value, in the world. Pharmaceuticals can further be sub-divided into; Bulk/ drug, Formulations and Devices. While  bulk drugs market is dominated by rigid packaging such as PET containers, glass bottles, metals containers and cans etc, It is formulations and devices that drive the demand for the flexible packaging. Packaging market for pharmaceuticals is difficult to crack due to its inherent challenges in Indian scenario. The two major challenges are:

  • Strict regulations: Pharmaceutical industry requires a superior level of safety to that of food packaging and therefore the packaging provider needs to meet stringent guidelines as per Drugs and Cosmetics Act 1940.
  • Counterfeiting threats: Due to lack of patent protection, manufacturers in pharmaceutical industry are reluctant to share the constituents of pharmaceuticals they produce. The knowledge of constituents is required in deciding the composite of the plastic types and grades to be used in the pack.

2. Flexible Consumer Industry in AP and Telangana:

The table below enlists typical consumer industries and major brands under these industries based in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

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3. Raw material requirements and technical specifications:

A flexible packaging material is a combination of many films that are laminated together. Most commonly used raw material includes; BoPP (Bi-axially oriented Polypropylene), Bo PET (Bi-axially oriented Polyethylene terephthalate), Nylon, Polyester, Poly propylene etc.

kl

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4. Cost of project for starting a flexible packaging unit:

To start a flexible packaging unit producing a little over 200MT of laminates monthly, the minimum capital requirement would be upwards of Rs. 6 crores including machines, infrastructure and working capital. The budget would also depend on the market you would like to target and therefore the quality of machines.  The quality of printing machine is critical, as bad printing quality can lead of rejection of the material and adds to the cost.

5. Steps to consider before starting a flexible packaging unit:

First step would be to assess demand and supply of the packaging industry in your area, and identify the niche that you would like to serve. You may want to identify key clients that you would target and accordingly choose your marketing strategy.  You would also need to build a strong technical team that can meet client’s quality expectations, create innovative products and minimize wastage. As such, the following aspects need to be analysed before starting a flexible packaging industry

  • Market opportunity: Number and types of various flexible packaging consumer companies in the market such as FMCG, Personal care, Food and Beverages manufacturers, etc, their current vendors, requirements and pain points.
  • Competitive landscape: Number of players in the targeted market, their product profile, their clientele, number of years in business etc.
  • Production process: Raw material, man power & machinery required
  • Fixed and operational costs and profitability: Estimation on total initial capital required, working capital assessment, projected revenues, earnings and profitability.

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Number: 9032398367

[1] As per UflexLtd. investor presentation

[2]Source: FPA flexible packaging association

[3]Source: Business Standard article – January 15, 2016

[4]Source: www.consultmcg.com

[5]Source: Business today article  – June 5, 2016

[6]Source: Wiki, BDMAI, Ministry of Pharmaceuticals.

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Budget 2017-18: Incentives For Small Businesses

A number of measures revolving around government’s key schemes of Mudra, Start-up India, Make in India and Digital India have been announced. These relate to increasing access to capital, promoting domestic manufacturing and increasing tax compliance of small businesses.  Details are enumerated below.

Increasing access to capital

  • A Dairy Processing and Infrastructure Development Fund would be set up with a corpus of Rs. 8,000 crores.
  • Lending target under Mudra scheme has been doubled to Rs. 2.44 lakh crores in 2017-18 from Rs. 1.77 lakh crores.

Clean India/digital India- Incentives for filing taxes

  • The corporate income tax rate for companies with a turnover of less than Rs. 50 crores has been brought down to 25% from 30 % earlier.
  • Corporate income tax rate for companies with a turnover of less than 2 crores: Such companies are not required to maintain books and currently 8% of their turnover is assumed to be their profit and is liable for taxes. The presumptive rate of 8% has been reduced to 6 %, for turnover received by non-cash means (Sales receipt received through bank account or other digital means).
  • Start-ups: These benefits are available to start ups registered between April 2016 to April 2019, under start-up India scheme
  • The time period for availing 3 year income tax holiday[1] by a start-up has been extended to 7 years as against 5 years earlier, thus providing start-ups a longer window to claim the benefit.
  • Also, condition of original promoter holding 51% shares of voting rights for start ups for claiming the tax deduction against carry forward losses has been relaxed. As per the new condition, original owner only needs to continue to hold a stake in the start-up.

Make in India – Incentives for manufacturing in India

  • Renewable energy: Customs duty on a number of components that go into making solar power panels /modules has been reduced.
  • LED: Excise duty on components/fixtures of LED lights has been reduced.
  • Water purifiers: Customs duty for parts of RO membrane for household filters has been brought down to facilitate domestic manufacturing of RO membrane. The custom duty on import of RO membrane has been increased.
  • Devices for cashless transactions: Customs duty concessions have been announced for import of POS reader, micro ATMS, finger print reader, Iris scanner.

For detailed information on the changes in excise and customs duty, please click here to refer the Budget Sheet 2017-18.

Conclusion

Budget incentivises small businesses to manufacture locally and to pay their taxes. These are good steps as such and would help the industry in the long run.

How can we help you?

FineTrain is an advisory firm for small businesses. We help our clients grow their businesses. We can help you analyse new business opportunities or generate leads for your existing business.

Contact us

bchhatre@finetrain.com

800 888 4932

 

[1] As per start-up India scheme, the start-ups are eligible to claim 100 per cent income tax deduction under section 80- IAC, however they are liable to pay MAT (minimum alternate tax ,paid on book profits), which can be set off in later years

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