Green products: How to set up Compostable Plastic bags business?

Compostable plastic bags are plastic bags that decompose into natural components such as carbon, water and biomass upon their contact with soil. As per DS6400, the most widely recognised international standard for compostable plastics, such plastics should completely disintegrate into natural components within 180 days in composting environment.

India generates huge amount of plastic waste (nearly 15,000 tonnes per day). It is estimated that only around 60 per cent of this waste is recycled and remaining gets dumped in the landfills and other places. Prominent among non-recyclable plastics are poly bags made from Polyethylene (PE), which can take up to 100 years to disintegrate.

Plastic bags have been completely banned in Maharashtra[1] (except for milk packets and some specific applications). Further, 17 States and Union Territories in the country have imposed partial ban on these bags with restriction on the thickness of the bags to minimum 50 microns. Increasing awareness about environmentally sustainable products along with restrictions on the usage of plastic bags have improved the prospects of compostable bags.

What are compostable Plastics?

Compostable plastics can be made out of bio based or petroleum based compounds (Resins) as shown below.

Figure1: Types of compostable plastics

Currently, the market for compostable resins is small, at around 1 million tonnes[2] (less than 0.5% of world’s annual plastic consumption of 320 million tonnes). These resins are patented by large multinationals such as BASF, NOVAMONT and have to be purchased from them or their dealers, thus resulting in higher price and limited availability. However, their consumption is predicted to grow at a CAGR of 20% over the next five years[3], and with the rise in demand, the availability of such plastics is likely to increase and their prices would become competitive.

How do compostable bags compare with conventional bags?

Compostable resins’ tensile strength, printability and weight bearing capacities are similar to that of conventional polymers such as Polyethylene (PE). In fact, in some specific applications, compostable resin may offer higher density and tensile strength as compared to  PE, thus resulting in requirement of less tonnage of the resin vis-à-vis PE.

However, currently, the compostable plastic resin is 2-3 times costlier than the conventional resins. Further, the costs of processing these resins into products such as bags are also higher due to smaller size of the processing capacities. As a result, these bags are 3 times as costly as conventional bags. For example, a medium size compostable garbage bags is currently priced at Rs. 220 (for a pack of 30 bags) as compared to a price of Rs. 70-80 for similar conventional bags.

What are the international and domestic standards for compostable Plastics?

There are a number of standards for compostable plastics including ASM D6400 (USA) and EN 13432 (Europe) and ISO 17088.

An Indian manufacturer of compostable plastic bags has to obtain a certification from Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) for selling compostable bags and related products. The certification process requires the product to be tested in a government authorised lab to check its compliance to ISO 17088.

Table 1. International Standards for compostable bags
S.NoStandardization BodyStandard
1ASTM – American Society for Testing and MaterialsASTM D6400
2European StandardsEN 13432, EN 14995
3ISO – International Organization for StandardizationISO 17088

Is manufacturing compostable bags complex?

No, the manufacturing is very simple and is a two-step process; first the resin is processed into a film through a blown film manufacturing machine, the film is then cut, printed and sliced as per the bag sizes. Currently most Indian manufacturers use conventional LDPE blown film machinery for sheet extrusion. The resin is either directly imported from the manufacturers (list of bioplastic resin manufacturers is available in Table.2), or their dealers.

Table 2. Bio Resin manufacturers
S.NoCompanyCountry
1BASFGermany
2Bio-FedGermany
3CarbioliceFrance
4FKuR KunststofGermany
5NatureWorksNetherland
6NovamontItaly

Is there a market for compostable bags?

The demand for compostable bags is rising driven by growing concern about the environment and changing regulatory landscape. The waste management regulations in India are getting more stringent about handling and disposal of all types of waste including plastic. Therefore, specific segment of the market such as trash bags, bags for nurseries are witnessing a lot of interest from supermarkets, retail chains etc.

Given the demand, a number of new manufacturers have entered the market in past two years. The number of CBCB registered manufacturers of compostable bags has increased to 12 from just 2/3 a couple of years back ( a list of CPCB approved vendors is available here ).

The usage of other biodegradable/environmentally sustainable products is also increasing. Recently McDonald’s India has proposed to replace its plastic cutlery with a combination of wooden and biodegradable plastic cutlery ( available in this link: McDonald’s India kicks out plastics )

How much capital is required and what will be the profitability?

The capital requirements would depend on the machinery and the scale of operations. For example, a blown film machine of a capacity of 15-20 tonnes a month available for around Rs. 30 lakhs. However a European machinery (smallest capacity of 400 kg per hour) specifically made to handle bioplastics can cost more than Rs. 3 crores.

The minimum capital requirement including working capital is likely to be over Rs. 60 lakhs. The overall profitability and return on investment would be contingent on the manufacturer’s ability to secure regular orders and keep processing costs under control.

What are the key challenges?

  • Most states do not have a policy on regulation of usage of compostable plastic bags currently. The guidelines on allowing such bags in retail market would be critical for the growth of the industry.
  • The processing machinery is designed for conventional plastic, which can withstand higher temperature as compared to compostable plastics. Therefore getting the right product requires a number of trials.
  • The certification process for compostable bags is time consuming and can take up to 6-8 months.

[1] As per the circular, dated 10th July 2018 of Maharashtra Environment department, the compostable plastic bags are allowed for horticulture, agriculture, and handling of solid waste.
[2] Source: Global production of bioplastics, a publication by European bioplastics
[3] Source: European-bioplastics.org

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Business Opportunity – Amla Processing

Amla or Aonla commonly known as Indian gooseberry, is known for its medicinal properties. It is used across a number of industries including Aurvedic medicines, Cosmetics and Food products.

The production of Amla was 9.89 lakh tonnes in FY 17, with majority of it coming from Uttar Pradesh (UP) and Madhya Pradesh (M.P).

Figure 1: Amla production and top producing states[1]

What are the key Amla based products and its manufacturing process?

Amla Candy: Amla candies are made by cutting the fruit and coating it with sugar syrup at different brix values. The fruit pieces are then dried to bring down the moisture content and coated with sugar powder, to prevent them from sticking to each other.

Amla Supari: The process is similar to that of the candy. Natural colouring agents, flavours such as mint & dry fruits are added for taste and appearance.

Amla Juice: Washed Amla fruits are transferred to shredder, Amla juice thus extracted, sterilized and packed in bottles.

Amla Powder: Amla powder is used in herbal & cosmetic industry. The fruit as a whole is dried, pulverised and packaged as per the requirements.

What is the machinery and capital required for Amla processing?

Amla processing doesn’t require large investment in machinery and infrastructure. The machinery and capital requirements are presented in Table.1

Table 1: Budget for Amla processing plant
ProductUsage/MarketMachineryTotal Budget
Amla CandyRetailAmla breaking machine, steam jacketed kettle, tray dryer and packaging machine.The budget including machinery for a capacity of 1 tonne per day and working capital would be ₹40 lakhs
Amla Supari
Amla JuiceRetail & CommercialAmla shredding machine, hydraulic press, storage tank with steam jacket and packaging machine.The budget including machinery for a capacity of 2 tonne per day and working capital would be ₹20 lakhs.
Amla PowderRetail & CommercialDryer, pulveriser and packaging machineryAmla powder making plant can be established within ₹ 10 lakhs

Why Amla Processing is an attractive opportunity?

Growing popularity of alternate medicines, health foods and herbal products are driving the demand for Amla based products. The potential for Amla extract as a food ingredient is increasing significantly, owing to the growing global nutraceuticals and functional food market.

As per a report by consumer data analytics firm Nielsen India, sales of personal care products made of natural, herbal and Ayurveda ingredients are growing 1.7 times as fast as the overall market. Given the shift towards natural products, large consumer goods companies such as Colgate, Hindustan Lever are also introducing natural variants of their products. Since Amla is a rich source of vitamin C, a very powerful antioxidant and anti-ageing vitamin, usage of Amla in cosmetics and food products will continue to grow, thus making Amla processing an attractive opportunity.

What are the challenges?

Amla is a highly perishable fruit with a short shelf life of 5-6 days. Hence, the plant runs only during the harvesting period i.e. from October to February. The plant can be used to process other products such as Fruit based bars (Guava, Mango, Pineapple, etc). One may need to invest in addional machinery such as peeler/ pulper/mixer depending on the fruit.

Other challenges for the new entrants is to create a market for their brand, which will have to compete with the well established players. Based on the product portfolio, retail network has to be established.

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We can help you start an “Amla Processing Unit” through a number of services including viability assessment, market landscaping, technical consultation and project execution support.

[1] Horticultural Statistics at a Glance 2017 – National Horticulture Board

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Business Opportunity in Turmeric Processing

Business Opportunity in Turmeric Processing

Turmeric (botanical name-Curcuma Longa), one of the most important spice crops in India, is used to colour and flavour the food products.The yellow pigmented fraction of Turmeric (Curcumin,)is used as a colourant in food products and also as an anti-inflammatory agent in medicinal formulations.

India is the largest Turmeric producer in the world, with an annual production of nearly 10 lakh tonnes, accounting for nearly 80 per cent of world’s production. In India, Telangana is one of the largest producers of Turmeric, followed by Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu and Maharashtra (see picture 1).

In FY 17, India produced 10.51 Lakh tonnes[1] of Turmeric, of which nearly 1.1 lakh tonnes valued at Rs. 1200 crores was exported. Additionally, India exported Turmeric based oleo resins and Turmeric oil, valued at around Rs. 400 crores.

 

 

Turmeric processing technology

Turmeric can be processed into two products Turmeric powder and Turmeric extracts including oleo resins and Turmeric oils.Turmeric oleo resins/oils are extracted through solvent extraction of turmeric powder. The solvent extraction plant can process a variety of spices including Capsicum, Pepper, Amla, Marigold etc. A plant of a capacity of 500 kg per day requires land of 20,000 square ft. and power load of 60 HP.

Since the extracts (oleo resins) are used in food preparation/pharmaceuticals and largely cater to exports, the oleo resin extraction operations have to be compliant with the USFDA, and European food safety guidelines. The companies that manufacture extracts usually obtain certifications such as HCAAP, Kosher, and Halal.

Key Players

Turmeric powder

The Turmeric power manufacturing is mostly done by micro enterprises and there are a number of players in each region. Additionally, most large spice powder manufacturers such as MDH spices, Everest Spices, Aachi Masala also sell turmeric powder.

Turmeric oleoresins and oils

This segment has a number of large players as well as SMEs.  The large companies extract oils from a number of spices and their products are targeted at export market. (See table 1). These are mostly based in Kerala, due to easy availability of spices. In addition to these large players, there are a number of SMEs that are spread across spice growing states such as Tamilnadu, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat etc.

Table 1: Spice Extract manufacturers in Kerala
S. No.Company NameProduct RangeLocation
1.SynthiteValue added spice extracts and natural spice powderKolenchery, Kerala
2.Universal OleoresinsSpice Oils, Spice Oleoresins, natural coloursKochi, Kerala
3.Arjuna Natural ExtractsFormulations based on spice extractsAluva, Kerala
4.VD flavoursEssential oils from spicesKochi, Kerala
5.Plant LipidsSpice oils and oleoresinsKochi, Kerala
6.Kancor IngredientsOleo Resins, Essential Oils & Isolates, Mint, Menthol & Isolates, Floral Extracts, Speciality Ingredients, Organic Ingredients.Ernakulam, Kerala,
7.Plant Lipids.Spices and other Essential Oils.Kochi, Kerala
Source : FineTrain research

Key consumers of oleoresins in the domestic market include FMCG companies such as Hindustan Lever, Godrej, Colgate Pamolive, herbal products manufacturers such as Ayur Herbals, Dabur, Himalayan Drug Company, cosmetics product manufacturers such as Garnier Laboratories and pharmaceutical companies such as Dr. Reddys, Cipla etc.

Profitability and return on investment

The capital investment required for a Turmeric powder unit would be under Rs. 50 lakhs for a capacity of up to 2 tonnes per day. Since there is limited value addition in the powder manufacturing process and the manufacturer has to pay large commissions to distributors and retailers, the operating margins of such manufacturers would be thin and profitability would depend on their ability to sell large volumes.

Capital investment in Turmeric extraction capacity of 500 kg per day could be up to Rs. 2 crores. The profitability would depend on the spread between the oleo resin and Turmeric price and the yield of the extraction process.  A tonne of turmeric can yield anywhere 4-5% of extracts. Assuming that a tonne of turmeric yields 40 kgs of Curcumin (95%) and 30 litres of oil, the gross margin calculation is as under

Table 2. Turmeric Oleoresin Processing: Profitability
kgsPrice (Rs/kg)Value (Rs.)
Turmeric10009393,000
Solvents46,500
Total Raw material cost1,39,500
Oleo Resin4044981,79,920
Oil301003,000
Total revenue1,82,920
Spread (Oleoresin-Turmeric)43,420
Spread (%)24

Note: The prices of Turmeric and its Oleo resin are based on export data of 2017 provided by DGFT

The overall profitability and return on investment would depend on the producer’s ability to secure regular orders. Further, any value addition to the products by developing formulations based on the extracts can improve revenues as well as profitability.

Why Turmeric processing may be an attractive opportunity

Demand for Turmeric extracts is growing rapidly in foreign and domestic market. For example, India’s Turmeric extract exports have tripled over the past three years from Rs. 150 crores in FY 15 to Rs. 500 crores[2] in FY 18.

The infrastructure availability (cold storage, common infrastructure for grading and sorting of agri products) for food processing industry is improving as government is providing incentives for development of food parks/spice parks etc.  Further, food processing units are also being given incentives in the form of capital subsidies to set up and expand their businesses.

[1] Source: report on state wise/spice wise production by Spice Board Of India

[2]  DGFT data base: http://commerce-app.gov.in/eidb/ecomq.asp

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ECONOMICS OF DAIRY FARMING

India is world’s largest producer of milk, with a production of around 155 million tonnes per annum, contributing to 20 per cent of the world’s milk output. The dairy sector is one of the fastest growing sectors in India, growing at a CAGR of over 15-20 percent, largely driven by the growth of value added products such as yogurt, cheese, ice-cream etc.

The demand growth in dairy industry has also spurred an interest in dairy farming by entrepreneurs from rural as well as urban India. This blog discusses factors that influence profitability and sustainability of a dairy farm.  These include macro factors such as international and domestic prices of milk, and farm level factors such as size of the dairy farm,its cattle management practices and its marketing strategies.

How are local milk prices linked to international milk prices?

While milk is a perishable commodity mostly sold locally, Skimmed Milk Powder (SMP) is traded in the global market and international prices of SMP influence India’s SMP exports. SMP is a large end user of milk, asalmost 11 tonnes of milk is needed to make 1 tonne of milk powder.  Since SMP has a long shelf life as compared to milk, dairy companies keep their surplus milk stock as SMP, and also use it to manufacture milk based products such as ice-cream and yogurt. Adecline in international prices of SMP reduces the export of SMP from India and therefore increases domestic milk availability. Increased domestic availability can sometimes impact the prices at which dairies procure milk from farmers.

For example, India’s SMP exports declined to 15,930 tonnes (INR 293.01 crore) in 2015-16 from a peak of 1.3 lakh tonnes (valued at INR 2,717.56 crore) in 2013-14 due to a steep decline in global SMP prices. During the same time, milk procurement prices declined by as much as INR 10 per litre in North India and Maharashtra.

As can be seen from Figure 1, the prices of SMP tend to fluctuate, which can lead to volatility in the domestic milk prices as well.

Source: https://www.globaldairytrade.info/en/product-results/skim-milk-powder/

Why is marketing strategy for milk so crucial to the profitability of my milk farm?

Dairy farmerstypically sell their milk to a number of customers including public and private sector dairies milk traders, milk processors and directly to consumers. Dairies are the largest bulk buyers accounting for over 20 per cent of milk procurement. They currentlyprocure the milk at around INR 25-35 per litre across the country and the product is sold at a retail price of INR 35-45 per litre.  However, the retail prices for branded, farm fresh milk are higherINR 60-70 per litre.Over the past decade, there has been a spurt in dairy farms that sell their milk as farm fresh milk, desi cow milk, chemical free milk or A2 milk etc. directly to the customers. Some of these players are shown in Table 1

Table 1: Dairy farms selling branded fresh milk
Company nameProductValue proposition
Vrindavan Milk, BangalorePure Natural cow milk, Desi A2 milkDelivered directly from farm, no chemicals used to inject cows.
Klimom, HyderabadCow milk, A2 milkDelivered in eco-friendly glass bottles within a few hours of milking
Astra Dairy, ChennaiCow milk and dairy productsFrom farm to your home in 12 hours
Pride of cows, Pune (aventure of Parag Milk Products)Pasteurized cow milkFarm to home fresh milk, completely untouched by human hands

As a dairy farmer, you have many choices; you can choose to find an assured market  in a large dairy or milk processing companies, sell  fresh milk under your brand name or sell value added products such as flavoured milk, yogurt etc.Therefore, market related choices should be made first and then you can work backwards to make decisions related to animals, location, investment and farm automation.

What are other profitability drivers?

The success of a dairy farm is aligned with the productivity of its animals and the following elements play an important role in determining a farms profitability:

  1. Milk yield: Milk production over the productive life of the dairy animals is one of the most important drivers of the profitability of a dairy farm. It depends on many factors such as animal’s age at first calving, number of lactations and yield per lactation. Further, milk production can be enhanced by providing adequate amount of green fodder and keeping animals disease free.
  2. Self-sufficiency in Fodder:The cost of feed accounts for majority (about 70%) of the costof running a dairy farm. The fodder can broadly be divided into three parts: Green fodder, Dry Fodder and Concentrated Feed. Of the three, Green fodder, which is needed in large quantities, remains most scarce, due to gradual reduction in the green cover of our landscapes. Further, the fodder prices can be volatile and do not move in line with the milk prices. Therefore, in order to be sustainable, a dairy farm must be self-sufficient to meet its green fodder needs. The fodder requirements for a farm with 20 cows are illustrated in Figure 2.

 

Figure 2: Fodder Requirements of a dairy farm

Since fodder cultivation requires a lot of space, several dairy farmers have now shifted to silage, which refers to green fodder preserved under anaerobic conditions. Silage provides benefits similar to that of fodder but is needed in lesser quantities.  Feeding your animal silage, lowers the area needed for fodder cultivation and frees up the land, which can be used to generate income through cultivation of grain/horticulture crops.

  1. Best practices in animal management: Good farm management practices that improve animal productivity are shown.
Figure 3: Best Dairy management practices

How much investment is required for a dairy farm?

A dairy farm requires investment towards land, construction of shed, milking equipment and purchase of animals.Land and animals are the two largest investment heads.

  • Land: The land is needed for the cattle shed and milking operations and also for growing fodder. Minimum 2-3 acres of land would be required for a 20 animal farm.
  • Animal: The cost of animal depends on its age, milk yield, breed etc. As per NABARD’s dairy entrepreneurship development scheme (DEDS), the cost of 10 animals of desi cows is INR 6 lakh.
  • Civil construction: Shed for animals to provide them protection from heat/rain etc. and storage room for feed and housing for labour if needed
  • Equipment:Milking machines, chaff cutter, tipper for cutting the crop.

As such, the investment in animals should be about INR 12 lakhs for a 20 cow dairy farm. Assuming that investment in animals is about 50% of the cost of the farm (excluding land), the investment in the dairy farm with 20 animals should be about INR 25 lakh.

Why is dairy farming an attractive opportunity?

The Indian dairy market is expected to continue  grow at a rate of over 15%, over the next five years, mostlydue to a growth in the consumption of value added products such as cheese, curd, flavoured milk etc. Anticipating the growth, Indian dairy companies have planned significant investments in capacity expansion as given below in table 2.

Table 2: Capacity expansion plans of Indian Dairy majors
CompanyCapital expenditure plansBrandBudget(INR crore)
Heritage Foods Ltd.Addition in the existing capacities in curd and whey products segmentHeritage70 – 75(for FY18)
Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd (GCMMFL)Additional capacities in cheese and chocolatesAmul3000(Upto 2020)
Kwality Ltd.Additional capacities in value-added product categories like Cheese, Paneer, UHT Milk, Flavoured Milk and Table ButterDairy Best520(forFY18 and up to mid FY19)
Parag Milk Foods Ltd.Expansion and modernization of existing plants and improvement in marketing and distribution infrastructureGo, Gowardhan, Topp Up64.5(for FY18)
Prabhat Dairy Ltd.Upgradation of plant and machineryPrabhat40
Source: Indian Dairy Industry – driven by value added products, a report by CARE Ratings

Also, there have been a number of acquisitions in the dairy sector by large private equity companies, and multinationals   who are acquiring local dairy companies to strengthen their operations in India.

Table 3:Acquisitions in the dairy sector
Acquired CompanyInvesting CompanyYear
Kwality LimitedKKR India(a private equity firm)2016
Tirumala MilkLactalis , a France based multinational dairy corporation2014
Anik IndustriesLactalis2016
Creamline DairyGodrej Agrovet Limited2015
Dairy business of Reliance RetailHeritage foods2017
Source:Indian Dairy Industry – driven by value added products, a report by CARE Ratings and FineTrain research

In order to meet the demand growth of the dairy industry, a strong and sustainable dairy farming sector needs to be developed. Dairy farming is currently dominated by a small farmer who has two animals and uses dairy income to supplement his/her agriculture income.  Given the bright prospects of dairy sector and lack of professionally run dairy farms, there is an opportunity for entrepreneurs who can set up dairy farms with scientific feed management practices. These farms can also forward integrate into manufacturing of milk based products.

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We can help you set up a dairy farm or a milk product business through a number of services including:

  • Market feasibility assessment
  • Development of project proposal for loans/credits
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  • Project execution support

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[1] Source: India’s milk production in 2015-16,

[2] Source: Indian Dairy Industry-driven by value added products-by Care Ratings, June 30, 2017

[3] Source: http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news- india/global-dairy- price-recovery- to-benefit- indian-
farmers-3019391/

[4] Source: http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news- india/why-milk- prices-have- fallen-by- rs-10litre- for-
farmers/

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Business Opportunity: Animal Feed Manufacturing

India’s animal feed industry, currently valued at around $ 15 billion[1] is expected to double in the next five years.  The feed consumption is estimated to be 21.5 million tonnes, of which cattle feed accounts for 7.5 million tonnes, aqua feed 1 million tonne and poultry feed around 13 Million tonnes.

The state of Telangana and AP contribute to a large chunk of Indian feed consumption, as can be seen in the table below. Given the large size of the industry and its growth, it presents an attractive opportunity for small and medium enterprises.

Animal feed industry in AP and Telangana

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Competitive landscape of the Industry

The industry is competitive, with international, national and regional companies vying for the market share.  The table below provides information on important players in AP and Telangana.

Animal feed companies in AP and Telangana

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Manufacturing process and budget

The feed manufacturing operations comprise four steps; raw material preparation, mixing and grinding the feed, palletisation and packaging. The plant capacity typically starts from 2-3 tonnes per hour to 15 tonnes per hour.

Animal feed manufacturing process

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An automated plant with a capacity of 3- 5 tonnes per hour can cost up to Rs. 40 lakhs. Considering the machines and raw material inventory and infrastructure required to store the raw material, the budget requirement for the unit could be up to Rs. 1 crore.

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  • We can help you assess viability of animal feed and related opportunities through a number of services including market research, detailed viability assessment and technical consultation.
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[1] As per Yes Bank report on The Indian Feed Industry – Revitalising Nutritional Security

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Business opportunities in Telangana

The State of Telangana is the 12th largest economy with a GSDP of around Rs. 4.68 lakh crores[1] and a growth rate of 9.2% during 2015-16. Telangana includes 10 districts, with its capital in Hyderabad. Telangana is land locked with its neighbouring States of AP, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh.

Telangana is home to large industries in IT/ITES, pharma, engineering goods and defence. The industrial activity is currently concentrated in Hyderabad, Ranga Reddy and Medak Districts, these three districts contribute to almost 50 per cent of the State GDP. Medak and Ranga Reddy are also the fastest growing districts.

The opportunities in Telangana can be broadly divided into a few sectors; agro based industries, textiles, chemicals, engineering, and pharmaceuticals. The district wise opportunities are described below.

Business profile of districts of Telangana

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Upcoming opportunities

Small enterprises can become a part of the vendor network /ancillary to the large industries that are planned in and around Telangana. The figure below describes the projects across various industries that are currently being planned. These include a number of bulk drugs intermediate and API (Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient) units,   food park by ITC, an LED bulb unit by Syska labs, Soft drink bottling plant by Hindustan Coca-Cola Beverages Pvt Ltd, and Mobile handset manufacturing facility by Micromax informatics Ltd.   A detailed list of upcoming projects is available upon request.

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Source : Projects Today

How can we help

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  • We can help you assess your market, identify technology and raw material providers, estimate the capital requirements, time to break even and recommend ways to expand your business.

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[1] Source: GSDP at constant prices, Socio Economic Outlook, Telagana, 2016

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