Business Opportunity: PET Sheets

PET sheets provide a convenient way of packaging product across a number of industries – consumer products, pharmaceuticals, food & beverages, etc. PET sheets are increasingly getting popular as a preferred option for packaging of food and pharma products, due to their visual appeal, their ability to keep the product safe from moisture and easy thermoform-ability.

The table below depicts various types and forms of packaging made out of PET sheets:

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Types of PET Sheets

Various PET sheets, based on their properties, are used in different applications. For example, CPET which has a very high working heat resistance (can withstand a temperature of up to 220 degree Celsius for more than 25 minutes) is used for microwaveable containers. The table below depicts the application of various types of PET Sheets.

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Market

PET sheet market is currently small, comprising just 1.5% of PET resin consumption in India. However, this market is rapidly growing and the resin consumed by PET sheet industry has nearly doubled from 6,400 tonnes/year in FY-14 to 11,150 tonnes/ year[1] in the FY 17.

Presently most of the PET sheet is manufactured by companies that make different kinds of packaging material. Two of the Hyderabad based players include Nirmala Pet A Pack Pvt Ltd and Spear Pet Pvt Ltd.

Process &Technology

Process
The process of PET sheet making broadly involves: Raw material pre-treatment, Extrusion and Drying & Winding/ Cutting the finished sheet

Fig1: Process flow

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Sometimes, the final product requires one more layer of PET or coatings, in such cases a co extruder will be required.

Single Versus Double Screw Extrusion

Screw is the most important part of any extruder. The screw is divided into three equal zones; feeding, transition, and metering. The primary functions of the three zones are:

  • Feed – taking in the resins and feeding it forward in the screw
  • Transition – compressing and melting the resin
  • Metering/ Pumping– homogenizing/ blending the melted resins and pumping out through the extruder at a constant rate.

There are mainly two types of extruders; Single screw and Twin screw.The single screw extruders typically cost less than twin screw, however they offer less operational flexibility.

Budget

The overall budget for starting a PET sheet extrusion unit with a minimum viable capacity i.e. 300 KG/hr would be Rs. 5 Crores. The machinery cost of twin screw and single screw alone would approximately be Rs. 3 Crores and Rs. 2 Crores respectively[2].

How Can We Help You?

If you are interested in setting up a PET sheet manufacturing unit, we can assist you in starting a processing unit. Our services include

  1. Market & Financial viability assessment
  2. Technical consultancy
  3. Detailed project report preparation
  4. Support in project execution

Reach Us

Call us @ 800 888 4932,

Write to us- bchhatre@finetrain.com

Visit us- www.finetrain.com

 

[1]Source: PRESENTATION OF RELIANCE INDUSTRIES LTD. – March1,2016

 

[2] Source: Based on discussion with extrusion machinery suppliers

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Business opportunity: PET recycling

Ever thought about what happens to the cold drink/juice/mineral water bottle after we have discarded it. About 70 per cent of PET bottles are recycled and reused in textile and packaging industry.

India is one of the largest recyclers of PET in the world, next only to China. The industry is growing at a rate of more than 25 per cent per annum. India consumes around 800,000 tonnes of PET resins annually, around 70 per cent of which is collected and recycled. PET recycling business has a turnover of Rs 3,500 crore[1].

PET recycling business is concentrated in Maharashtra and Gujarat, textile and packaging hubs of the country. There are not many PET recycling units in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. Given that both Telangana and Andhra Pradesh are bountiful in cotton and have identified textile as a focus sector, PET recycling can be an attractive opportunity.

PET Recycling Process

PET bottles are collected by rag pickers and eventually find their way in the recycling factories. Here the bottles are crushed to make PET flakes that are cleaned, cleared of other polymers, hot washed and dried. These flakes can be further processed into fibres (for textile) or injection moulded/ blow moulded for other applications.  The quality of PET is measured in terms of its purity (PPM, particle per million of impurities) and its hardness (Intrinsic viscosity, IV).  The quality of PET flakes is dependent on the input as well efficiency of the washing process.

Market

In India recycled PET (R PET) is not allowed for packaging of food items. The key end use applications of RPET include textiles, PET straps and home furnishing. Nearly 70-80 per cent of R pet is consumed in textile industry.

Products can be made from PET Flakes

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The industry players are of two types, PET flakes manufacturers and integrated players who process the flakes into fibre or other products. The table below describes some of the integrated players.

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Budget

A PET flakes manufacturing unit (comprising PET grinder and washing line) of a capacity of 300 kg per hour can be set up within a budget of Rs. 1 crore.  The land requirement would be around 1000 sft. One also needs to develop a strong network of/chain to collect PET waste.

How can we help?

We can help you set up PET recycling unit through a number of services including market viability assessment, technical consultation and project execution support.

Reach Us

Write to us: bchhatre@finetrain.comadmin@finetrain.com

Call us: 800 888 4932 /9032398367

Visit us: www.finetrain.com

[1] Source: http://www.petrecycling.in/ and Reliance industries presentation in

ASSOCHAM’s 4th National Conference on ‘Waste to Wealth

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